Many of the World Religions are more known than ATR in many parts of Africa (Adedeji, 2012). In African traditional religion the spirits are always present, and requests and offerings are made to them for health, prosperity, and protection.36 African Traditional Religion 37. The difference between powerful spirits and gods is often minimal. :���ݞ7��\�_��JQIS�S-[a�, I_�A,Y�ݎK�c���AK�8�[�$��b��IU��-�TM�g�,���Qlm����"Al�QG> ���@(� Africans who are notoriously religious who “eat religiously, drink religiously, bath religiously, dress religiously and sin religiously.”5 Cherish, nourish and sustain the institution … [40] With a long farming tradition, the Serer high priests and priestesses (Saltigue) deliver yearly sermons at the Xooy Ceremony (divination ceremony) in Fatick before Yoonir's phase in order to predict winter months and enable farmers to start planting.[41]. ATR is the original religious belief and practice of the Africans. African Traditional Religion: A Definition (1973), Omosade Awolalu in Yoruba Belief and Sacrificial Rites and John Mbiti in The Concept of God in Africa (1970) are a few examples of postcolonial scholars of religion who have resisted and denounced colonial idea that Africans do not know God. Therefore, in African traditional set up, religion is almost synonymous with culture. It is necessary to have the perception of the basic concept of the word “conflict” before exploring the extensive area of conflicts between African Traditional Religion and Christianity. Diverse traditional beliefs and practices of African people, Encyclopedia of African Religion (Sage, 2009). Olupona rejects the western/islamic definition of Monotheism or Polytheism and says that such concepts could not reflect the complex African traditions and are simplistic. Such separation and subsequent contemplation of the nature and sources of pure energy or feelings serves to help participants manage and accept them when they arise in mundane contexts. 98 – 118. Diviner (also known as priest) are also sought for their wisdom as counselors in life and for their knowledge of herbal medicine. He summarizes that traditional African religions are not only religions, but a worldview, a way of life. %PDF-1.3 %���� [28], Nigerian American professor of indigenous African religions at Harvard University, Jacob Olupona summarized the many traditional African religions as complex animistic religious traditions and beliefs of the African people before the Christian and Islamic "colonization" of Africa. (Onitsha Nigeria: IMICO Press 1985) 109. To efficiently study the African Traditional Religion (ATR), one must also study the people who practice this religion. 217. 4. CONCEPT OF GOD IN AFRICA. Some African religions adopted different views through the influence of Islam or even Hinduism.[36]. These oldest religions of the world,have had their history and traditions handed down orally and preserved in the culture and religious artifacts of the African people. Peavy, D., (2009). Last week, in a veiled comparison between African traditional religions and Christianity, which is the major religion in Jamaica, some of the key elements of African traditional religions were discussed using Kenya-born Professor John S. Mbiti, a well-known scholar and researcher of African religions, as the main reference. African continent as a unique continent in respect to culture and redefining the concept of sexuality and sacredness shifting the traditional norms and values, is one of the continents where many emphasis from group to individual erroneous perception of sex [15], Followers of traditional African religions are also found around the world. In recent times, traditional religions, such as the Yoruba religion, are on the rise. It emphasizes on how man manages his life concerning both industrial and agricultural production. not a man any more” (Africa Religion …79). In some traditional African religions, morality is associated with obedience or disobedience to God regarding the way a person or a community lives. It does not exist in a vacuum or up there in the blues but among humans. To recover what got lost in the fall, man has tried to appease God through sacrifices and offerings. The concept of salvation in African traditional religion ... 4.6 Man’s salvation: its nature and meaning in African ... regard African traditional religions can be perceived as preparatio evangelica. Comparative Study of the Concept of Priesthood in Igbo Traditional Religion and Catholic Priesthood. 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