Answer: 7. and this made them herders. Q22: How did early men used to tame animals? The pits had steps that led to the bottom. iii) Archaeologists also found traces of huts or pit houses in Burzahom. (a) A B C Ratna Sagar History Solutions Solutions for Class 6 Social science Chapter 3 Early Humans Ii are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. Other types of houses existed; these were more frequently campsites in caves or in the open air with little in the way of formal structure. Around 12,000 years ago, the world had started becoming warmer. How did people become farmers? Tractors Humans became food-producers during the New Stone Age. Answer: Stone tools have been found from many sites. 2.The burial goods were also given as a sacrifice to the ancestors. Answer: 4.Describe tools used by farmers and herders. Answer: These sites can be found in the north-west, in present-day Kashmir and in east and South India. They are often different from the Palaeolithic tools and are called ‘Neolithic’. Bones of wild animals Period I: This period extended from 7,000 BC to 5,500 BC. Most houses were square or rectangular. The first animal to be tamed was the ancestor of the dog. The dependence on natural sources ceased. 1. Give one feature houses in Mehrgarh. Yes, we live in a village and we grow some of the cereals. (a)the goat as we know today These are polished stone tools, ceramics, kitchen items such as mortar, pestles and corn grinders. (d) Jadeite, found in Daojali Hading, may have been brought from China. Answer: Pottery was not found. Archaeologists have also found cooking hearths both inside and outside the huts, which suggests that, depending on the weather, people could cook food either indoors or outdoors. - False ( ) (d) Jadeite, found in Daojali Hading, may have been brought from China - True ( ) Q16: List where Neolithic sites were found in India These include tools that were polished to give a fine cutting edge and mortars and pestles used for grinding grain and other plant produce. d. Mehrgarh. Their other activities included hunting and gathering food, trading produces through barter system. They started to grow crops at one place. c. dancing Hunter-gatherers made and used pots. d. tin. The culture is presumed to have Give reasons to justify your answer. 4. The popular modes of entertainment were singing, dancing and painting. 5. What were pit-houses and where have they been found? Explanation: Charred grains and sickles had been found on sites. These houses had distinct features like. Animals were a source of _____ and meat. Early man became a herder of animals initially by: a. They lived like nomads. As early as 380,000 BCE, humans were constructing temporary wood huts . Several burial sites have also been found in Mehrgarh. Make a list of all the animals mentioned in the table on page 25 of the textbook. They became food producers instead of food gatherers. 2. The correct answer is option (c). Neolithic Age extended from 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC. 10. [V. They moved from one place from another in search of food, water and shelter. (c) Chirand is a site in Kashmir. (viii) The dead people in Mehrgarh were buried with …………………. The statement 'The quality of pottery improved after the wheel was invented ', is true. ____________________ is the earliest known farming and pastoral settlement in the Indian subcontinent. Ancient wood that has hardened into stone is called……………………….. Bolan Pass is an important route into ………………. They started rearing sheep, goats, cattle, etc. View NCERT Solutions for all chapters of Class 6, FREE Downloadable NCERT Solutions.Works without internet, ps and tamed animals. If yes, draw a chart to show the stages in growing them. C. Bones of sheep and goat There were tools that were polished so as to give a fine cutting edge, and mortars and pestles were used for grinding grain and other plant produce. 3. A cross-cultural middle range model of pit-house architecture using the Ethnographic Atlas found that 82 of the 862 societies in the sample occupy pit structures as either their primary or secondary dwellings. View Answer. 1. Answer: (i)—(c), (ii)—(d), (iii)—(a), (iv )—(c), (v)—(a), (vi)—(a), (vii)—(b), (viii)—(c). Explanation: Mehrgarh in Pakistan was where the humans first grew crops and tamed animals. (a) boxes Explanation: The Chalcolithic period is also known as Copper-Stone Age. They were initially made by making a hole into a ball of clay or by making a long snake with the clay and coiling it up to make pottery. Answer: Kashmir being a cold region. (d) Dogs. View Answer. (b) People in Burzahom lived in rectangular houses. (c) Mehrgarh Archaeologists have found evidence of animal bones here on excavation. Q21: Name the first animal to be tamed by the early people. How did they learn to make pottery? They have been found in Burzahom. Jadeite, found in Daojali Hading, may have been brought from China. 3.Name some sites of settlement of farmers and herders and also the grains found there. True/False View Answer. A pit house (also spelled pithouse and alternatively called pit dwelling or pit structure) is a class of residential house type used by non-industrial cultures all over our planet. All questions and answers from the Ratna Sagar History Solutions Book of Class 6 Social science Chapter 3 are provided here for you for free. Charred grains, sickles and bones of animals were found, which proved that early humans grew crops and settled here. Wheat and barley were the first crops to be cultivated. 5. This was because of the following reasons: 7. 2. Some were responsible for harvesting crops, some to take care of the animals, some to make pots. All Ratna Sagar History Solutions Solutions for class Class 6 Social science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate. The domestication of plants and animals became part and parcel of the people of the Neolithic stage. Name some important sites where archaeologists have found evidence of farmers and herders. The correct answer is option (b). Daojali Hading is located close to the route to Iran. History. (b) Mahagara But agriculture changed their lives. d. barley and rice. Pottery made its appearance in Mehrgarh (now in Pakistan) in Neolithic Period. b. copper How do we get to know about the existence of early farmers? What did people do to store grains? Cultivating crops and harvesting them after a certain time required them to stay at one place. Explanation: Early humans were hunter-gatherers. Thus the pit-houses protected people from cold weather. Q.13 Which were the earliest animals to be domesticated? Generally, farmers ate cooked and well-prepared foods, while on the other hand hunter-gatherers ate uncooked and raw food. (d) pits in the ground. The potter's wheel helped them to make pots of various sizes and shapes. Daojali Hading is a Neolithic site in Assam. ______________ have been found at many Neolithic sites. Transportation from one place to another became faster and easier. The houses had a roof over the pits for shelter. The correct answer is option (b). b. Shears In the New Stone Age, which extended from 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC, the humans started producing food. Different types of houses were built by farmers and herders. Answer: Houses at Mehrgarh were usually square or rectangular. (b) People in Burzahom lived in rectangular houses. (d) Burzahom. This was the source of their food. In archaeology, a pit-house is frequently … 3. b. Jirania Some cereals eaten by us are listed below : 8. The discovery of charred grains and sickles at a site indicates that people living there practised agriculture. On upper levels, they found cattle bones. Answer: People saw that they could attract and tame animals by leaving food for them. What several things were observed by men, women and children of Neolithic Age? True or False: Chipewyan is a term of Cree meaning "pointed skins.” True or False: The weather was too cold for berries to grow, therefore Subarctic groups never ate them. Three conditions were al… 2. Q10. b. wheat and barley A five-bedroom house in Rexburg, Idaho, looks like a steal for just more than $100,000, but only if you don't mind the nest of slithering garter snakes it sits upon. These people often coated the floor and wall of the house with a plaster material, made by mixing water with dirt or ground-up caliche. (a) Hallur (b) Mehrgarh Grasslands developed in many areas. (iii) Which was not a way of storing grains in the early days? 10. Why do people who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time? a. wheat and rice 1. How did people become herders? Which animals were considered relatively gentle? Q15(NCERT):State whether true or false: Answer: (a) Millets have been found at Hallur. Pit-houses were made to enable the early humans to withstand the cold. Ans : Hearths. Glass c. In the ground in pit d. hay 9. True-False With agricultural expansion, early human beings stored their food in Pot or wove baskets, or dug pit into the ground. The evidences dates as early as 7,000 BC. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words to complete each sentence: State whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F). Q.16 Which historical events took place about 8,000 years ago? What are ‘tribes’ in the context of farmers and herders? d) In earlier times, coins were made of … Mogollon culture, prehistoric North American Indian peoples who, from approximately ad 200–1450, lived in the mostly mountainous region of what are now southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico. (c) C B A c. Mizoram Write short notes on – Daily life of early humans, Mehrgarh Period I. How did agriculture change the life of early humans? State true or false: a) History motivates us to make the present world a better place to live in. They built settlements near the crop lands, cultivated fields, made weapons and stone tools and pottery. Chirand is a site in Kashmir. What several things were observed by men, women and children of Neolithic Age? The evidences were charred grains and bones of animals. 8. They have been found in Burzahom. Q.15 Which historical events took place about 12,000 years ago? Look at the table on page 25 of the textbook/ If Neinuo wanted to eat rice, which are the places she would have visited? The early humans were hunter-gatherers. 1. 1.The early human beings believed in after-life. Which according to you was a greater revolution–early humans becoming food-producers or early humans taming animals or early humans making pottery? This period existed from 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC. People tamed the wild ancestor of the dog. Protecting them c. Killing them d. eating them 10. Answer: The first animal to be tamed was the wild ancestor of the dog. The arrangement made by the people for the dead was: a. Answer: On excavation, archaeologists have found bones of wild animals in the lowermost levels. True or False: An opening at the top of an earthen home allowed light into the windowless structure, while allowing smoke ti escape from the fire pit below. Stone tools were used to dig circular pits in the ground, which were then plastered on the sides using mud. These were roofed over to make them suitable to live in. This was because copper is stronger than stone and lasts for a longer time. Do you grow the cereals you have listed in answer no. List the cereals that you eat. View Answer! b. eating Why did the ancient people make such type of pit houses? Name two Neolithic tools which are used to grind grain even today. (b) A C B The houses were simple, square- and rectangular-shaped mud houses. Early humans learned to make clay pots, which were shaped by hand. Pit-houses were built by Neolithic man in Burzahom which is in modern day Kashmir. Early humans becoming food-producers was a greater revolution than taming animals or making pottery. Question 16. (vii) Archaeologists have found levels having ……………….. View Answer! The pits found were wide at the base and narrow at the top. Cooking chimney corners were also found both inside and outside the huts. The first animal to be tamed was the wild _____ of the dog. Neolithic Age extended from 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC. How was the invention of wheel an important step towards progress for early humans? The correct answer is option (d). a. 1. Answer: Scientists study evidence of plants and animal bones, in order to find out whether the discovered sites were settlements of farmers and herders. Q18. The early humans shifted from hunting-gathering to agriculture. For instance, in Burzahom (in present-day Kashmir) people built pit-houses, which were dug into the ground, with steps leading into them. True ( ) (b) People in Burzahom lived in rectangular houses. The statement 'Humans became food-producers during the New Stone Age', is true. Q.17 In what ways grain was used by the early people? Answer: (a) True, (b) False, (c) False, (d) True. Daily life of early humans: The early humans lived in groups that had leaders. There were fifty pit houses and the bulldozers had entire pots rolling down the hillside, along with burials from between 700AD to 1380AD. History. The cultivation of crops was a shift as they no longer had to live a nomadic life. They have found remains of houses here. This means that hunting wild animals was important much before herding was. (d) Jadeite, found in Daojali Hading, may have been brought from China (i)the places where edible plants were … The existence of early farmers are known to us by the discovery and excavation of sites. c. Sickles There was a shift to relatively warm conditions. (b) Buffaloes Remains of square or rectangular houses have been found in ……….. ……… and ………. (d) Hallur. The first cereals to be grown were IV. Skeletons were also found in crouched positions often without any grave furniture while in some instances accompanied with animal skeletal remains. The quality of pottery improved after the wheel was invented. (A) Mehrgarh (B) Daojali (C) Burzahom (D) Chirand 7. They became farmers due to these changes. (a) Koldihwa Answer: 2. The use of potter's wheel enabled early humans to make pots of various sizes and shapes. c. barley and maize Answer: Two sites found in Andhra Pradesh are : 2. Explanation: Sickles that were found at many Neolithic sites had been used by the early humans for harvesting crops. The potters' wheel enabled them to make the pots of different shapes and sizes in much lesser time. Why did early humans make pottery? Answer: Mehrgarh is a site located in a fertile plain, near the Bolan Pass, one of the most important routes into Iran. List three ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from that of hunter-gatherers. Describe the site of Mehrgarh. Ans : True. Many evidences of polished stone tools, ceramic, mortars, pots have been found in Daojali Hading, a Neolithic site in Assam. (d) B C A. Answer: Pit-houses were built by people by digging into the ground, with steps leading into them. a. Daojali Hading Q2. Name two sites found in Andhra Pradesh. 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